Phillips was operating his motorcycle southbound on SR when a minivan driven by Branden Puffer crossed his path while making a left turn onto Saint Andrews Drive. According to investigators with the Scottsdale Police Department, Mr. The couple was enjoying an afternoon ride near their home in the vicinity of Pantano and Irvington Roads on February 7th when the accident occurred. Near their destination, Mr. Bondy reached forward to activate a switch on the motorcycle, just as their motorcycle ran into a flat-braid rope suspended over the roadway.
Gonzales took the full brunt of the force of the collision. Accident investigators reported the rope was tied to a tree on one side of the roadway and a mailbox on the other. They determined the couple was traveling at about 15 miles per hour. Fabian Arvizu, age 26, and his sister, Victoria Arvizu, age 16, were killed when the motorcycle on which they were riding crashed near rd Avenue and Vineyard in Goodyear around p. Both were Phoenix residents. Christian Nagel was killed after another driver turned left in front of his motorcycle, causing a serious head-on collision. A motorcycle accident in Surprise on Tuesday afternoon has claimed the life of Tyler Deskins.
According to accident investigators, the motorcycle operated by Mr. Deskins collided with two vehicles in the intersection of Bell Road and Sunrise Boulevard. Deskins was wearing a helmet at the time of the crash. Cory Mork has awakened from a month-long coma following an accident in early October that left him with broken bones in both legs, pelvis, hands, an elbow and a wrist. He was injured after a wrong-way driver crossed the center line and struck Mr.
Demar stopped his disabled bike on the left shoulder of northbound Loop and activated the hazard lights. A pickup truck then ran onto the shoulder and struck Mr. Demar and his motorcycle. Juanita Garcia died as the result of injuries she received Sunday night in an accident on South Nogales Highway. Garcia was the passenger on a motorcycle that collided with a truck. Sabrina Gillis died when the motorcycle on which she was a passenger collided with a car on Thursday. The motorcycle was heading west on Union Hills Drive when a car turned left in front of it at 35th Avenue.
Celso Salinas-Mireles was killed Tuesday morning when a woman reportedly ran a red light and crashed into his motorcycle. The tragic accident occurred near 12th Street and Missouri. The crash was investigated by the Phoenix Police Department and the driver of the vehicle was cited for a red light violation and driving without a driver's license. A wrong-way driver sideswiped several cars as he drove north in the southbound lanes of Interstate 17 on Tuesday afternoon. Darroll Roberts ran over motorcyclist Cindy Lee Meade, killing her instantly. The wrong-way vehicle traveled for several hundred feet more until it stopped after striking a guardrail.
Jacqueline Castillo was seriously injured when her motorcycle was struck by a hit-and-run driver early Sunday morning. Luke Miller was killed on Monday night when he lost control of his motorcycle and slid across the westbound lane of SR and into a guardrail on Cornville Road. Nancy Roberge was killed last Friday when a motorist failed to yield and turned in front of her motorcycle. One motorcyclist has died and another remains hospitalized in serious condition after two motorcycles collided on SR near Saguaro Lake on Saturday afternoon.
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Oswaldo Lopez died of injuries he received when his motorcycle was struck by a car at the intersection of Campbell and the Benson Highway in Tucson on Thursday. Jarhet Gutierrez was killed when she was thrown from a motorcycle Tuesday morning near 28th Street and Baseline Road in Phoenix. The driver of a pickup truck crossed the center line of State Route 95 into oncoming traffic where her vehicle struck and killed a motorcyclist Saturday. The tragic accident occurred near Retail Way. Jayme Salazar, a well-known businessman in Prescott, was killed on Friday when his motorcycle was struck by a pickup truck on Iron Springs Road near Skull Valley.
Andrew Woulard, age 23 of Phoenix, died of injuries he sustained on March 18th when a car traveling eastbound on Thunderbird Road turned north onto 75th Avenue in front of his motorcycle. The collision caused the SUV to roll. Gonzalez-McDaniel was transported to a Tucson hospital where he passed away. Two motorcycles collided with a van on Saturday afternoon in the southeast Valley between the cities of Mesa and Apache Junction. Steven Slager was killed early Saturday evening in a motorcycle accident near the intersection of Power and Guadalupe in Gilbert.
According to investigators with the Maricopa County Sheriff's Office, the crash occured when a vehicle turned left in front of Mr. Slager's motorcycle.
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Debris from the accident caused a second motorcycle to crash, injuring an as-yet unidentified woman. She was transported to the hospital in critical condition. Joseph Martorelli was killed Friday night when a pickup truck turned left in front of his motorcycle at Union Hills and 51st Avenue in Phoenix. Bullhead City police accident investigators determined that Mr. Seebeck was driving the motorcycle while Mr. Smith was his passenger.
Christopher Campbell was killed Saturday night when his motorcycle collided with a Saturn. Accident investigators determined that Mr. His motorcycle struck the passenger side of the Saturn as it turned left onto Sahuaro Road. A violent domestic dispute turned deadly when a wife in a SUV pursued her husband at high speeds until he crashed his motorcycle into a lamp post, killing him instantly.
Jennie Jones-Hurdlow and her husband, Brian E. Hurdlow, were embroiled in a domestic dispute that began Saturday evening. The argument continued through late Sunday morning as Brian left their house for a trip to the nearby convenience store. Jones-Hurdlow followed him in her SUV.
An accident claimed the life of a motorcyclist during the Thursday afternoon rush hour on U. Phillip Grant of Chandler was riding his motorcycle in the HOV lane when he collided with another vehicle. This first impact sent Mr. Grant into a second vehicle in the adjacent lane. A Tempe Fire Department spokesman said Mr. Grant laid his bike down before being thrown into traffic where he was struck. A year-old man suffered serious injuries in a motorcycle accident this afternoon near Willow Creek Road and College Heights in Prescott.
Beeson, Mr. Kevin Douglas Terry was killed over the weekend when the motorcycle he was riding was struck by a pickup truck. The incident occurred at the intersection of 45th Avenue and Camelback Road in Glendale. Glendale Police Department accident investigators report that Mr. Terry apparently was heading east on Camelback when his motorcycle was struck by the pickup truck traveling north on 45th Avenue, causing the truck to flip and come to rest on its side. Rodrigo Ortega Saldate died of injuries he received in a crash Wednesday morning around a.
Michael Robert was killed Tuesday night just outside Marana when his motorcycle was struck by a truck towing a trailer. Robert was traveling southbound on Trico Road when a westbound truck driven by David Huntley ran through an intersection stop sign. A motorcyclist and his passenger were both critically injured Saturday when their bike struck a vehicle head-on. Neither rider on the bike has, as yet, been identified by law enforcement accident investigators.
Tyler Woelfersheim was killed Thursday evening in Green Valley when his motorcycle was struck by a car making a left-hand turn. Woelfersheim was westbound on Continental at about p. In medico-legal judgments, injuries around the groin area also called groin injuries in victims of motorcycle accidents are usually regarded as "fuel tank injuries" which are commonly found in drivers.
But, the injuries around the groin area are sometimes confused with the perineum injuries. Therefore, the perineum injuries are often wrongly reckoned as the "fuel tank injuries" and used to identify the drivers too. Actually, passengers can sometimes suffer from perineum injuries in many head-on impacting motorcycle accidents. It is of vital matters to understand the differences between groin injuries and perineum injuries so that the real driver who should be responsible for the accident can be recognized.
In this paper, the three-rider motorcycle accident was presented and the injury information of the three riders was studied in order to distinguish the real driver from the riders. We consider that the groin injury has some differences with the perineum injury and the latter should not always be related to the driver especially in high-speed head-on impacting motorcycle accidents. In addition, the injury on underbelly areas is important to identify the driver. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Motorcycle Accident injuries seen at Kakamega Provincial Hospital Background: Injuries related to motorcycles contribute significantly to the number of road traffic injuries This study was aimed at determining the pattern of injuries caused by motorcycle crash among patients seen at Kakamega provincial hospital in Kenya Methods: This was a cross sectional study which was conducted in Outcome of pregnancy in women with motorcycle accidents in Three hundred and seventeen pregnant women managed in the maternity section of the University of Teaching Hospital, Calabar as a result of motorcycle accidents were assessed to determine maternal and perinatal complications and outcome of such pregnancies.
The incidence of 6. Relation between workplace accidents and the levels of carboxyhemoglobin in motorcycle taxi drivers. METHOD: correlational, quantitative study involving workers and data obtained in July through a questionnaire to characterize the participants and blood collection to measure carboxyhemoglobin levels. The carboxyhemoglobin levels were higher among smokers and victims of workplace accidents.
The study provides advances in the knowledge about occupational health and environmental science, and also shows that carboxyhemoglobin can be an indicator of exposure to environmental pollutants for those working outdoors, which can be related to workplace accidents. To investigate the relation between workplace accidents and the levels of carboxyhemoglobin found in motorcycle taxi drivers. Correlational, quantitative study involving workers and data obtained in July through a questionnaire to characterize the participants and blood collection to measure carboxyhemoglobin levels.
Motorcycle taxi drivers had increased levels of carboxyhemoglobin, possibly due to the exposure to carbon monoxide; these levels are also increased among smokers and victims of workplace accidents. Young motorcycle drivers in Thailand are at high risk for road traffic accidents. We conducted this study to identify factors associated with motorcycle accident risk behavior MARB.
We studied randomly selected university students aged years mean Each student was asked to fill out a questionnaire asking about MARB and factors associated with this behavior. The respondents had an average of 6. The prevalence of self-reported motorcycle accident injuries was Their major MARB were using a telephone while driving Fatal motorcycle accidents in Fars Province, Iran: a com-munity-based survey. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Fars Province which has the fourth largest population of all 31 provinces in Iran from March to June We included data from all recorded cases of fatalities due to motor vehicle accidents.
Data were recorded from the foren-sic medicine registry consisting of demographic and acci-dent-related information. Demographic information con-sisted of name, age, sex, status of fatal victim motorcycle driver vs passenger and educational level. Results: Of the 2 autopsy records from the foren-sic medicine archives, Mean age of these victims was Head injury was the most common cause of death in these victims, and overall they tended to have a low level of education. Motorcycle accidents frequently involved younger age groups years, and head trauma related with non-use of a helmet was the most common cause of death.
Conclusions: Head injury is frequent among victims in the province we studied. Key words: Accidents , traffic; Motorcycles ; Iran. The scope of this paper is to assess traffic accidents involving motorcycles , the victims involved and the increase in the fleet compared with other vehicles in Rio Branco, State of Acre. It is an epidemiological, descriptive and transversal study of accidents between and recorded by the Acre State Highway Department.
There were 3, motorcycle accidents and 3, victims in the period. The motorcycle fleet increased by As regards victims, there is a predominance of men, with rates of With reference to accident characteristics, the highest number of accidents - Collisions were the commonest kind of accident , with 3, The conclusion drawn is that it is essential to stage ongoing preventive programs and ensure greater integration among the institutions involved, with planning and campaigns to reverse the current situation.
Motorcycle accident injury profiles in Jamaica: an audit from the University Hospital of the West Indies. There is little data available on the prevalence of motorcycle accidents , their resultant injuries and the demand on the health care services in Jamaica. We performed a descriptive, analytical study to evaluate the extent of this problem and the need for preventative national policy measures. Between 1 January and 1 January , demographic and clinical data on all motorcycle accident victims admitted to the University Hospital of the West Indies were collected in a prospective database.
The data were analysed using the SPSS version Of motorcycle accident victims, there were Overall, The mean injury severity score was 9.
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There were patients needing surgical intervention in the form of orthopaedic operations 94 , neurosurgical operations 43 , abdominal operations 49 and vascular operations The mean duration of hospitalisation was 10 days SD There were 12 4. Fatal injuries were more common in males 11 and un-helmeted patients Motorcycle accidents take a heavy toll on this health care facility in Jamaica. Measures to prevent motorcycle accidents and reduce consequent injuries may be one way in which legislators can preserve precious resources that are spent during these incidents.
This can be achieved through active measures such as educational campaigns, adherence to traffic regulations and enforcement of helmet laws. Improving car drivers' perception of motorcycles : innovative headlight design as a short-term solution to mitigate accidents. The low visual conspicuity of motorcycles especially because of their small size is the primary reason why motorcycles are often not detected or seen or too late. The main safety measure in the past has been the use of daytime running lights DRLs by motorcycles , which became compul Motorcycle accident is the main cause of maxillofacial injuries in the Penang Mainland, Malaysia.
Maxillofacial injuries are among the commonest forms of body injuries. There are three divisions, namely, facial bone fractures, soft tissue injuries, and dentoalveolar injuries. Etiologies include motor vehicle accidents , assaults, falls, and sporting injuries. The aim of this study was to determine the profiles including the causes of maxillofacial injuries seen in an urban government hospital in the mainland of Penang State, Malaysia. This was a cross-sectional study that recruited cases reported within a period of 1 year.
The source population was maxillofacial injury patients presenting to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of an urban hospital in the Penang Mainland, North Malaysia between May and May Cases of patients involved in accidents that occurred outside the reference vicinity were excluded. A case report form was developed and completed by the attending clinicians. Data were analyzed using spss version A total of cases were studied , with the mean patient age being The majority of patients were Malay men between 20 and 29 years of age.
The main cause of injury was motorcycle accident Laceration was the commonest soft tissue injury, and crown fracture was the most frequent dentoalveolar injury.
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The facial bone that was most highly involved in the injury was the zygoma. Subjects involved in motorcycle accidents had a significantly higher incidence of sustaining facial bone fractures. Motorcycle accidents were the commonest cause of maxillofacial injuries in the Penang Mainland, Malaysia.
Most patients were young men. Hence, it is prudent to reinforce appropriate road safety and awareness interventions particularly focusing young male motorcyclists so as to reduce the risk of accidents. With power comes responsibility: motorcycle engine power and power-to-weight ratio in relation to accident risk. Current European legislation allows the EU member states to restrict the maximum power output of motorcycles to 74 kW even though evidence supporting the limit is scarce and has produced mixed results-perhaps because motorcycle performance has been measured by engine displacement, not engine power, in most of the previous studies.
This study investigates the relationship of motorcycle engine power and power-to-weight ratio to risk of fatal and nonfatal crashes in Finland. Mileage data allowed the calculation of accident risk per kilometer ridden for bikes differing in power and power-to-weight ratio. The fatality risk per number of registered motorcycles and per kilometer ridden increases both with power and power-to-weight ratio, independently of rider's age. No relationship between performance and risk of a less severe crash was found.
The risk of being involved in a fatal crash is higher among the riders of powerful motorcycles. However, it is not clear whether the results are related to the riding habits of the riders that choose the most powerful bikes available or whether the high risk is due to the properties of the bikes themselves. Therefore, further research is needed before considering legal limits on motorcycle performance. Impact of the effect of economic crisis and the targeted motorcycle safety programme on motorcycle -related accidents , injuries and fatalities in Malaysia. The MSP was specifically targeted at motorcyclists.
In addition to the MSP, the recent economic recession has significantly contributed to a reduction of traffic-related incidents. This paper examines the effects of the recent economic crisis and the MSP on motorcycle -related accidents , casualties and fatalities in Malaysia. The autocorrelation integrated moving average model with transfer function was used to evaluate the overall effects of the interventions.
The variables used in developing the model were gross domestic product and MSPs. Findings indicate that the MSP has been one of the effective measures in reducing motorcycle safety problems in Malaysia. Apart from that, the performance of the country's economy was also found to be significant in explaining the number of motorcycle -related accidents , casualties and fatalities in Malaysia.
Methods: This was a hospital based study conducted in 6 out of 10 regional This study was of cases of dentofacial injuries at-. Data were collected from self-completed questionnaires in The study detected precarious work conditions, high exposure to hazardous traffic conditions, and high accident rates among motorcycle couriers.
The effect of road characteristics on motorcycle accident in Batu east Java Indonesia. Safe of transportation on road is global problem with not only transportation problem, but also social teritory problem in sosial life. WHO pay attention to safe transportation on road to decide healthy day in the world with caption: Road Safety is no Accident. WHO is clariafy that road accident level in the world have to reach 1.
That becouse as the objective is to decide influence road charakteristics geometrics for motorcycle accident in Batu East Java Indonesia. The incidence and cost of motorcycle accidents are projected to increase. Motorcycle helmets are accepted as an effective strategy for reducing the morbidity and therefore the cost of motorcycle accidents. Despite this, states have continued to repeal helmet laws in the past 20 years. In addition, variations in the methodologies and outcomes of published reports have contributed to uncertainty regarding the health care dollars saved due to motorcycle helmet use.
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The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to clarify the economic impact of motorcycle helmet use. Our primary source was Medline. Search terms included " motorcycle ," "motorbike," " motorcycle helmet," "head protective devices," and "cost and cost analysis. Two independent authors extracted data using predefined data fields. Meta-analysis was done using the R-metafor package. Twelve papers met the criteria for inclusion. Nonhelmeted patients also required more postdischarge care and were more likely to use publicly funded insurance.
Studies also found lower injury severity and better hospital course in the helmeted population. Study limitations included selection bias, unclear statistical assumptions, lack of precision measures, confounding variables, and lack of standardization to a common year. Motorcycle helmet use reduces morbidity and contributes to significant health care cost savings.
Continuing antihelmet legislation will impose a substantial economic burden to the health care system, the government, and the public. Innovative motorcycle headlight design as a short-term solution for improving motorcycle visibility. The most frequent motorcycle accidents involve another vehicle violating the motorcycle 's right-of-way at an intersection.
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In-depth accident studies have shown that perceptual errors made by other vehicle drivers are a very frequent cause of motorcyclists' accidents and fatalities. Two kinds of perceptual errors can be distinguished. The first one is no or late detection of the motorcycle , which is mainly due to its low visual conspicuity especially because of their small size.
The principa Switching from motorcycle taxi to walking: A case study of transit station access in Bangkok, Thailand. However, motorcycle taxis are the main pedestrian barriers that hinder easy access and walkability in TODs of Bangkok, because they ride, stop, and provide services on sidewalks. From to , these problems substantially increased the number of motorcycle taxis that are not willing and able to follow the rules.
The increasing number of pedestrian accidents on sidewalks is related to the increase in the number of motorcycle taxis. Moreover, based on the estimation results of the logistic regression models, middle-adult aged residents, office employees, residents owning a car, and people living far from stations are less likely to walk. Average income households and commuters during non-peak hours tend to use motorcycle taxis more. On the other hand, residents living far from stations tend to use motorcycle taxis less, because most of the motorcycle taxi services are located near transit stations.
Keywords: Transit accessibility, Pedestrian, Walkability. Motorcycle safety among motorcycle taxi drivers and nonoccupational motorcyclists in developing countries: A case study of Maoming, South China. An increasing number of motorcycle taxis have been involved in traffic crashes in many developing countries. This study examines the characteristics of both motorcycle taxi drivers and nonoccupational motorcyclists, investigates the risks they pose to road safety, and provides recommendations to minimize their risks. Based on the data collected from a questionnaire survey of motorcycle taxi drivers and 2, nonoccupational motorcyclists in Maoming, South China, comparisons were made to analyze differences of personal attributes, attitudes toward road safety, and self-reported behavior of the 2 groups.
Results of the chi-square tests show that not only motorcycle taxi drivers but also nonoccupational motorcyclists in Maoming held poor attitudes toward road safety and both groups reported unsafe driving behavior. There is much room for improving local road safety education among all motorcyclists in Maoming.
Yet, motorcycle taxi drivers were more likely to pose road safety risks than nonoccupational motorcyclists under some circumstances, such as speeding late at night or early in the morning, not requiring passengers to wear helmets, and running a red light. The results of the binary logistic regression model show that possessing a vehicle license for a motorcycle or not was the common significant predictor for unsafe driving behavior of motorcycle taxi drivers and nonoccupational motorcyclists.
Therefore, enforcement against all motorcyclists not showing vehicle licenses for their motorcycles should be stepped up. Motorcycle safety is largely poor in Maoming. Therefore, efforts to improve motorcycle safety should be strengthened by targeting not only motorcycle taxi drivers but also nonoccupational motorcyclists. Full Text Available Introduction: There is a gap that involves examining differences between patients in single-vehicle SV versus multi-vehicle MV accidents involving motorcycles in Shantou, China, regarding the injury patterns and mortality the patients sustained.
This study aims to address this gap and provide a basis and reference for motorcycle injury prevention. Method: Medical record data was collected between October and June on all motorcycle injury patients admitted to a hospital in the city of Shantou of the east Guangdong province in China. Comparative analysis was conducted between patients in SV accidents and patients in MV accidents regarding demographic and clinic characteristics, mortality, and injury patterns.
The average age was 34 years.
Compared to patients involved in MV accidents , those involved in SV accidents were more likely to sustain a skull fracture RR: 1. However, they were less likely to sustain a spinal fracture RR: 0. Conclusion: The relative risk of death is higher for patients involved in multi-vehicle accidents than patients in single-vehicle accidents , especially when a. Adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, risky behaviors, and motorcycle injuries: a case-control study. The statistical analysis was done using Stata version Results: All subjects were male and aged 13—79 years. More than two thirds of the participants did not.
Background: Motorcycle accidents are the second most common cause of road traffic accidents in both developing and developed countries. In this study we aim to look at the pattern and characteristics of lower limb injuries arising from motorcycle accidents and evaluate early outcome of treatment.
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Methods: All the patients In depth analysis of urban accidents involving motorcycle and moped riders in France, construction of prototypical accident scenarios and prospects for their prevention. This extra risk is particularly marked in urban areas and in large cities. In comparison to other transportation modes, riding motorcycle is prone to accidents. Motorcyclists are more exposed to physical injury than the car drivers. Many multi-vehicle motorcycles crashes occur, there is right-of- way violation takes place in which another vehicle turns in fronts of a motorcycle , or a sudden cross of path of an on-coming motorcycle.
One main factor which leads to high rate of motorcycle crashes is lack of conspicuity of motorcycles by other road users especially during day time traffic. This paper highlights previous studies on the implementation of motorcycle DRLs, focusing on the efficacy of the DRLs to improve motorcycle conspicuity.
This paper reviews the impacts of DRL by motorcyclists on multi-vehicle motorcycle crash. The three categories of effects of motorcycle DRLs were reviewed. This paper also recommends that motorcycle DRLs must be used globally, especially in countries with high motorcycle accidents to improve the safety of the riders as well as their pillion riders.
The costs of traumatic brain injury due to motorcycle accidents in Hanoi, Vietnam. Full Text Available Abstract Background Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries in Vietnam. The purpose of this study is to estimate the costs, in the first year post-injury, of non-fatal traumatic brain injury TBI in motorcycle users not wearing helmets in Hanoi, Vietnam. The costs are calculated from the perspective of the injured patients and their families, and include quantification of direct, indirect and intangible costs, using years lost due to disability as a proxy.
Methods The study was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Data on treatment and rehabilitation costs, employment and support were obtained from patients and their families using a structured questionnaire and The European Quality of Life instrument EQ6D. Results Thirty-five patients and their families were interviewed.
Conclusion All three component costs of TBI were high; the direct cost accounted for the largest proportion, with costs rising with the severity of TBI. The results suggest that the burden of TBI can be catastrophic for families because of high direct costs, significant time off work for patients and caregivers, and impact on health-related quality of life. Further research is warranted to explore the actual social and economic benefits of mandatory helmet use. In-depth analysis of urban accidents involving motorcycle and moped riders in France, construction of prototypical accident scenarios and prospects for their prevention.
The recent and actual growth in the use of powered two-wheelers in France, notably in urban areas, and the over-representation of this category of road users in injury accidents show the need for a better understanding of motorcycle and moped accident phenomena in order to define new countermeasures Full Text Available Laryngeal fracture is a rare traumatic injury, potentially fatal, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 30, patients admitted to severe trauma centers. Because of the rarity of this injury, physician may be not aware of its existence, leading to a late diagnosis of this entity.
We report a case of a year-old woman admitted to the emergency room after a motorcycle accident with cervical trauma. The patient presented with dysphonia, hemoptysis, cervical subcutaneous emphysema, and increasing respiratory distress that led to the intubation of the patient.
CT-scan demonstrated displaced fracture of the cricoid and thyroid cartilage. The patient was submitted to tracheostomy and the fracture was surgically repaired. Tracheostomy was removed in third postoperative month. The patient presented a good recovery, reporting only hoarseness but without swallowing or breathing problems at 6-month follow-up. Motorcycle -related hospitalization of adolescents in a Level I trauma center in southern Taiwan: a cross-sectional study.
The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the injury pattern, mechanisms, severity, and mortality of adolescents and adults hospitalized for treatment of trauma following motorcycle accidents in a Level I trauma center. Detailed data regarding patients aged years adolescents and aged years adults who had sustained trauma due to a motorcycle accident were retrieved from the Trauma Registry System between January 1, and December 31, The Pearson's chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test, or the independent Student's t-test were performed to compare the adolescent and adult motorcyclists and to compare the motorcycle drivers and motorcycle pillion.
Analysis of Abbreviated Injury Scale AIS scores revealed that the adolescent patients had sustained higher rates of facial, abdominal, and hepatic injury and of cranial, mandibular, and femoral fracture but lower rates of thorax and extremity injury; hemothorax; and rib, scapular, clavicle, and humeral fracture compared to the adults. A significantly greater percentage of adolescents compared to adults were found not to have worn a helmet. Motorcycle riders who had not worn a helmet were found to have a significantly lower first Glasgow Coma Scale GCS score, and a significantly higher percentage was found to present with unconscious status, head and neck injury, and cranial fracture compared to those who had worn a helmet.
Adolescent motorcycle riders comprise a major population of patients hospitalized for treatment of trauma. This population tends to present with a higher injury severity compared to other hospitalized trauma patients and a bodily injury pattern differing from that of adult motorcycle riders, indicating the. Motorcycle Physics. At the end of a secondary school science study of mechanics, a summary lab uses a motorcycle to provide students with the chance to apply some of the concepts they have studied. Exercises from this motorcycle physics lab are discussed.
Analysis of motorcycle exhaust regular testing data--a case study of Taipei City. In Taiwan, a continuous increase in the number of motorcycles has made exhaust pollution one of the major emission sources of air pollutants. The regular testing program carried out by the Republic of China Environmental Protection Agency was designed to reduce air pollutant emissions by enhancing maintenance and repair.
During the execution period, abundant testing results were accumulated to discuss pollutant emissions from motorcycles. Exhaust testing data of motorcycles in Taipei City from to were chosen as the basic data to survey changes in motorcycle exhaust. Effects of motorcycle age and mileage on exhaust pollution were studied.
The introduction of advanced emission standards enhances the elimination of high-emitting motorcycles. The operation cycles of two-stroke motorcycles make them high-emitting vehicles. Concentrations of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons are higher in two-stroke motorcycle exhaust than that in four-stroke motorcycles. In contrast, the concentration of carbon dioxide produced from complete oxidation processes is lower in exhaust from two-stroke motorcycles.
Therefore, failure rates of two-stroke motorcycles are higher than those of four-stroke motorcycles and were also observed to deactivate more easily. We reason that the accumulation of age or mileage means accumulating usage time of engines and emission control systems. Concentrations of pollutant emissions would increase because of engine wear and emission control system deactivation. After discussing changes of failure rates and pollutant emissions, some suggestions are. The coverage of the official statistics is poor in motorcycle and moped accidents.
The aim of this study was to analyze the severity of motorcycle and moped crashes, and to define the degree of under-reporting in official statistics. All first attendances due to an acute motorcyclist or moped driver injury registered in the emergency department between June and May were analyzed. The hospital injury data were compared to the traffic accident statistics reported by the police and compiled and maintained by Statistics Finland.
A total of 49 motorcyclists and 61 moped drivers were involved in crashes, leading to a total of 94 and injuries, respectively. No significant differences were found between the severity maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale and median New Injury Severity Scores of the motorcycle and moped crashes. There was no in-hospital mortality. According to the maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale and New Injury Severity Scores, the injury severity was equal for motorcycle and moped crashes. Burn injuries related to motorcycle exhaust pipes: a study in Greece.
To identify measures that should reduce the incidence of burn injuries resulting from motorcycle exhaust pipes through epidemiological analysis of such injuries. During a 5-year period, persons who suffered burn injuries related to motorcycle exhaust pipes have contacted four major hospitals belonging to the Emergency Department Injury Surveillance System EDISS operating since in Greece. These burn injuries were studied in relation to person, environment and vehicle characteristics. The estimated countrywide incidence of burns from motorcycle exhaust pipes was 17 per , person-years per , motorcycle -years.
Most of burn injuries The most frequent location of burn wounds was below the knee and particularly the right leg. Among the victims Motorcycle exhaust burns could be substantially reduced by systematically wearing long pants, by incorporating in the design of motorcycles external thermo resistant shields with adequate distance to the exhaust pipe, and by avoiding riding with children on motorcycles. The importance of post-mortem computed tomography PMCT in confrontation with conventional forensic autopsy of victims of motorcycle accidents.
Since traffic accidents are an important problem in forensic medicine, there is a constant search for new solutions to help with an investigation process in such cases. In recent years there was a rapid development of post-mortem imaging techniques, especially post-mortem computed tomography PMCT. In our work we concentrated on a potential advantage of PMCT in cases of motorcycle accident fatalities.
The results of forensic autopsy were compared with combined results of the autopsy and PMCT to check in which areas use of these two techniques gives statistically important increase in number of findings. The hypothesis was confirmed in case of pneumothorax and fractures of skull, spine, clavicle, scapula, lower leg bones. As for majority of other bone fractures locations and brain injures there were single cases with pathologies visible only in PMCT, but too few to reach expected level of p-value.
In case of injuries of solid organs and soft tissues statistical analysis did not confirmed any advantage of unenhanced PMCT use. On the whole it has been shown that PMCT used as an adjunct to forensic autopsy can cause an increase in information about vitally important regions in case of motorcycle accident fatalities.
Speed-volume relationship and headway distribution analysis of motorcycle case study : Teuku Nyak Arief Road. In many developing countries, transportation modes are more varied than the other country. For example, in Jakarta, Indonesia, in some roadway, motorcycle is the most dominant vehicle, with total volume is four times higher than a passenger car. Thus, the traffic characteristic in motorcycle -dominated traffic differs from a common traffic situation.
The purpose of this study is to apply the concept and theory developed to analyze motorcycle behaviour under motorcycle -dominated traffic condition. The survey is applied by recording the traffic flow movement of research location at specified time period. The macroscopic characteristic analyzed in this research is a speed-flow relationship based on motorcycle equivalent unit MCU. Furthermore, a detail microscopic characteristic analyzed that is motorcycle time headway regarding traffic flow. Those values were calculated 1. The speed and volume relationship result is showing a linear regression model with R2 value is 0.
The headway distribution of motorcycle is compatible with the negative exponential distribution which fitted with the proposed theory for a small vehicle such as a motorcycle. The impact of the Thai motorcycle transition on road traffic injury: Thai Cohort Study results. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of motorcycle to car transitioning and urbanisation on traffic injury rates in Thailand.
Analysis of two consecutive surveys of a large national cohort study. The data derived from 57, Thai Cohort Study TCS participants who provided relevant data on both the and surveys. Motorcycle and car traffic crash injury self-reported in , with twelve months' recall. Car access increased and motorcycle use decreased between and Among those who used a motorcycle at both time points, traffic injury incidence was 2.
Multivariable logistic regression models were used to test longitudinal and cross sectional factors associated with traffic crash injury: in the adjusted model, cars were negatively and motorcycles positively associated with injury. Living in an urban area was not injury protective in the adjusted model of traffic crash injury. Recent Client. Home Resources. Are you in need of an experienced, highly rated law firm? Personal Injury Family Law. Our firm has been featured on these stations: visit our video library.
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